Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a major cause of death and disability worldwide, but mostly in developed countries. It is the disease of heart vessels — coronary means “the blood vessels of the heart” – when blood vessels narrow due to plaques that form from fatty substances in the blood.

The outcome is that less blood gets to the heart muscle or the plaque breaks free and blocks the blood flow entirely. CHD is the most common cause of sudden death and the most common cause of death among men aged over 65. Men are also 10 times more likely to develop CHD than women. Many people who have CHD live healthily for many years before they have any symptoms.

One symptom is chest pain that occurs regularly with activity. CHD accounts for one third or more of all deaths in individuals over age 35. The fixed risk factors for CHD are age and gender; modifiable risk factors are smoking, hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. A healthy lifestyle lowers the risk considerably. Genetic factors influence the risk as well.

Treatment

Beforehand treatment of coronary heart disease can help you to fight the symptoms and reduce your risk of developing further problems.

Getting rid of unhealthy habits

Changing your lifestyle can certainly empower your heart functioning. Find your perfect exercise routine, control your nutrition and get rid of your bad habits, e.g. stop smoking after heart illnesses can dramatically improve your health especially your heart and reduce your risk of further heart diseases.

Medicines

There is a huge number of medicine variants to treat CHD. The majority of them are aimed to reduce blood pressure or make the arteries wider. Consult your doctor before using any medicines as the symptoms may differ and not all medications work for everyone. Moreover, any medicine should not be stopped suddenly, as the symptoms can get worse.

Surgery and Procedures

If your symptoms can not be controlled with medicine interventional procedures or surgery is the way out. They are aimed to open up or bypass blocked arteries. The most famous are coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass graft, and heart transplant.

Prevention

To reduce your risk of developing coronary heart disease you should follow some prevention tricks. The goal is to lower your blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

Control your nutrition

A low-fat, high-fiber diet including a lot of fruits and vegetables and grains is the key here. Avoid consuming a lot of salty food, as salt raises the blood pressure. Moreover, limit your consumption of food containing saturated fats, as they increase cholesterol in the blood. Unsaturated fats increase the levels of good cholesterol and reduce any blockage in your arteries. Additionally, avoid consuming sugar as it develops your chances of obtaining diabetes, which is one of the causes of coronary heart disease.

Fitness and exercise

Good nutrition and physical activity is the key to keep a healthy weight, that dramatically reduces your risks of a getting high blood pressure. Moreover, regular exercise will generate your blood and circulatory system more efficient and lower your cholesterol level. To find out your healthy weight you can calculate your body mass index.

Reduce alcohol consumption

Alcohol consumption increases the risk of a heart attack. Both men and women are advised to regularly drink not more than 14 units a week, so try not to exceed the recommended limits.

Control your blood pressure

Blood pressure should be below 140/85mmHg. To keep a stabilized blood pressure, eat a healthy diet avoiding saturated fats, exercise regularly and take you medication to lower blood pressure after consulting your doctor.

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