Celiac Disease

Celiac disease is a digestive autoimmune disorder that occurs in genetically inclined people in reaction to gluten. Also known as celiac sprue or gluten-sensitive enteropathy causes damage to the intestine, as a result, people who suffer from the disease need to get stick to a gluten-free diet on a daily basis.

Symptoms of celiac disease

The main reason why celiac disease is difficult to diagnose properly is the variety of symptoms it provides. First of all, there is a great number of them, and, secondly, one’s symptoms may be completely different from someone else’s. Sometimes they may not even show signs of the disease at all. Celiac disease symptoms include:

  • Digestive Symptoms:
    • Abdominal bloating and pain
    • Diarrhea
    • Vomiting
    • Constipation
    • Pale, foul-smelling stool
  • Weight Loss
  • Iron Deficiency
  • Arthritis
  • Depression or Anxiety
  • Numbness in hands and feet
  • Dermatitis
  • Seizures
  • Bone or joint pain
  • Irregular menstrual period
  • Fatigue

What is gluten?

Gluten is a complex mixture of a great number of similar but distinct proteins that are found in wheat, rye, barley, and triticale. It plays a role of a glue that gives the food elasticity, soft texture and shape maintenance. It can be found in many foods, sometimes even unexpectedly, that is why it is quite difficult to avoid. It is used not only as an additive in many foods, but it can be found in certain medications, personal hygiene products and more.

What to eat and what to avoid?

Many people can tolerate eating gluten, but some go through a range of symptoms after consuming it. As it was stated above, any wheat, barley, and rye products and their derivatives such as pasta, cereals, bakery items, beer, flour etc. have to be avoided. Thankfully, there are a lot of gluten substitutes including a great variety of grain, flour and starch alternatives like almond meal flour, coconut flour, potatoes, quinoa, soy flour etc. and can be surely absorbed by those who are on a gluten-free diet. Moreover, such people can still consume fruits, vegetable, meats, fish, beans, poultry and the majority of daily products. They are naturally gluten-free and safe for those who suffer from celiac disease or non-celiac gluten sensitivity.

Genetic Origin

Celiac disease is a genetic disorder, so it tends to run in families. There is a chance between 4 and 15 percent of obtaining the disorder from one’s first-degree relatives, such as parents, siblings, or children. Anyways, even if celiac disease genes are found, it does not mean the disorder will undoubtedly develop.

Should I get tested?

Without getting tested, you might not be as attentive in consuming gluten as you should be. Celiac disease has more than 300 symptoms and a great number of people are asymptomatic. The disease can outgrow into a long-term complication, which can lead to supplementary serious health conditions, whether or not they present any symptoms. Celiac disease is a genetic autoimmune disease, which means that if anyone from your family suffered from it, there is a 1 in 10 chance that you may obtain one as well. Getting tested will reveal your likelihood of getting sick, which provides you with a possibility to lower your risks and changing your daily eating habits before it is too late.

Still have questions?